In order to regulate the conditions of the working class, the job sectors are divided as public, private and oil sectors. The Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor regulate the laws of the private sector.

The general working conditions regulated by the Kuwaiti law for the public and private sector are similar with:  work week that includes 48 hours plus a day off and a minimum of 21 days of leave annually. No minimum wage is prescribed in the private sector. In the oil sector, the laws provide for a 40 hour work week, overtime pay and 30 days of vacation annually. The laws also monitor the employment of women and ensure equal pay as their male counterparts, the health and safety of the employees, work contracts and salaries, and termination and end of service benefits.

Foreigners who wish to working in Kuwait must receive a work permit from the Ministry of Labor before entering the country.